Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a historical region in eastern Croatia, roughly corresponding with five Croatian counties.
The largest city in the region is Osijek. It covers the area between River Sava and Drava and borders with river Danube (Dunav) on the East.
Slavonia is a flat and fertile area so it's important source of food for whole of Croatia. Slavonia is also known for it's Đakovo Lipicaner Horse Breed, that is bred in Đakovo for centuries.
Osijek, is the fourth largest city in Croatia, and the economic and cultural centre of the eastern Croatian region of Slavonija.
Osijek is located on the right bank of the river Drava, 25 kilometres upstream of its confluence with the Danube.
The name was given to the city due to its position on elevated ground which prevented the city being flooded by the local swamp waters. Its name Osijek comes from the Croatian word "oseka" which means "ebb tide".
Osijek remains a popular domestic tourist destination for its Baroque style, open spaces and ample recreational opportunities. The most important sights in the city include the main square, Trg Ante Starčevića, Tvrđa the 18th century Baroque citadel, the promenade along the Drava ("promenada"), and the suspension pedestrian bridge toward Baranja.
The Municipal Park of King Petar Krešimir IV and the Tomislav Park date from the beginning of the 20th century, and are protected national landmarks. Osijek is also home to one of the few Croatian zoological gardens, along the Drava river. The city is home to a monument to Ante Starčević.
The Co-cathedral of St. Peter and Paul (Sv. Petar i Pavao) is a Neo-Gothic structure with the second highest tower in Croatia after the Zagreb Cathedral. The tower measure 90 m (295.28 ft) and can be seen from throughout Osijek. Because of its size most locals refer to it as the cathedral but it is only a parish church. The Church of St Peter and St Paul was designed by Franz Langenberg and contains 40 stained glass windows, although they are not all intact after the bombing in the 1990s. The church also contains sculptures by Eduard Hauser.
Numerous events take place in the city throughout the year.
The most important of them are the Croatian Tambura Music Festival (in May), attended by tambura orchestras from all over Croatia and the Osijek Summer Nights (during June, July and August), a series of cultural and entertainment programs in the open, accompanied by excellent food and fairs.
The Day of the City of Osijek is celebrated with a cultural and artistic activities and exhibitions.
Vukovar, is a city and municipality in eastern Croatia, and the biggest river port in Croatia located at the confluence of the Vuka river into the Danube. Vukovar is the center of the Vukovar-Srijem county. It is located 20 km east of Vinkovci, 36 km southeast of Osijek with the elevation of 108 m. Vukovar is located on the main road (M7) Osijek—Vukovar—Ilok and on the Vinkovci—Vukovar railway.
Among a number of attractive buildings, severely damaged in the Croatian War of Independence, the most interesting are the Eltz Manor of the Eltz noble family from 18th century, Baroque buildings in the centre of the town, the Franciscan monastery, the parish church of St. James, the Orthodox church of St. Nicholas, the birth house of the Nobel prize winner Lavoslav Ružička, etc. Since 1998 and peaceful reintegration under Croatian control, many buildings have been rebuilt, but there are many ruins still in the town.
Outside the town, on the banks of the Danube toward Ilok, lies a notable archaeological site, Vučedol. The ritual vessel called the Vučedol Dove (vučedolska golubica) is considered the symbol of Vukovar.
Vučedol is also a well-known excursion destination, frequented by anglers and bathers, especially the beautiful sand beach on Orlov Otok (Eagle's Island).
Vinkovci, is a Croatian town in eastern Slavonia, making it the largest town of the Vukovar-Srijem county. Vinkovci is located on the bank of the Bosut river, 19 km southwest of Vukovar, 24 km north of Županja and 43 km south of Osijek; elevation 90 m.
The town features extremely rich cultural and historical heritage, the most interesting attraction being the pre-Romanesque church on Meraja from 1100, with the coats of arms of the kings Koloman and Ladislav, as one of the most important medieval cultural monuments in Croatia.
The most famous annual event, one of the biggest in Slavonia, is the folk music festival "Vinkovci Autumns" (Vinkovačke Jeseni), which includes the folklore show and the presentation of folk customs of Slavonia.
It is characterized by a number of original folk music performances, beautiful traditional costumes, a beauty contest, competitions of the manufacturers of kulen (smoked paprika-flavoured sausage), plum brandy and other traditional foodstuffs, and especially by the magnificent closing parade.
Vinkovci's music school Josip Runjanin is named after the composer of the Croatian national anthem Lijepa nasa domovino.
The Vinkovci gymnasium is named after Matija Antun Reljković, a Slavonian writer who lived in the city in the 18th century.
Virovitica, is a Croatian city near the Croatian-Hungarian border. It is situated near the Drava river and belongs to the historic region of Slavonia. It is also the capital of the Virovitica-Podravina county.
Virovitica has a monument dedicated to fallen members of the Home Guard.
The patron saint of Virovitica is St. Rocco (Sv. Rok), celebrated every August 16.
Djakovo, is a town in the region of Slavonia, Croatia. Djakovo is the centre of the fertile and rich Djakovo region. Djakovo is located 37 km to the southwest of Osijek and 34 km southeast of Našice; elevation 111 m.
The Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul in DJakovo is the town's most famous landmark and the most important sacral object, not only in Đakovo but also throughout the whole region of Slavonia. The Cathedral was built 1866-1882 under Josip Juraj Strossmayer, then the bishop of the Đakovo and Srijem Catholic diocese. The landscaped park from the 19th century near the bishop's palace is a horticultural monument under special protection as well as the nearby Small Park (Mali Park) dating from the turn of the 19th/20th century.
The central traditional event is called Đakovački vezovi (Djakovo Embroidery). It is a folklore show of the regions Slavonia and Baranja that is organized yearly in the beginning of July, and it presents traditional folk costumes, folklore dancing and singing groups, customs. The Cathedral hosts choirs, opera artists, and art exhibitions are organized in the exhibition salon. The horse and wedding wagon show is a special part of the program. During the sports program, pure-bred white Lipizzaner horses can be seen on the racecourse. They come from the horse-breeding centre in Ivandvor, which has been breeding horses ever since 1506.
The traditional Slavonian cuisine, famous for its meat specialities (kulen smoked sausage, kobasica sausages, smoked ham), venison and freshwater fish dishes are offered both in Đakovo and its surroundings. Of particular interest are the exquisite wines of the Djakovo region: Weissburgunder, Traminer and Riesling.
Slavonia photo gallery